These are the elements that define us as a community and give us a sense of belonging.
Coat of arms
During Rector José Vasconcelos term in office, the University received the current design of its coat of arms, which shows a Mexican eagle and an Andean condor, a two-headed bird, protecting a Latin American map, from Mexico’s north border to Cape Horn, a representation of the unification of Latin America people: “Our new and old continent, predestined to include the fifth race, a cosmic race, melting those scattered, and offering unity.”
The National University motto, “The spirit shall speak for my race” (“Por mi raza hablará el espíritu”), unveils its humanist vocation. José Vasconcelos, UNAM Rector in 1920, was the author of this phrase. It was in hopeful times, after the triumph of the Mexican revolution, with full-fledged confidence in the Motherland, and a redeeming courage in the air, Vasconcelos, was first to explain: it means the belief that our race will construct a culture of new trends with the most spiritual and freest of essence”. Later, he said: “So I viewed the university coat of arms presented to the Council, rough and with a legend ‘The spirit shall speak for my race, which means a new awakening after a long night of oppression.”
Through music, the university community has highlighted the values and pride they take in being part of the University.
The University Anthem (lyrics by Romeo Manrique de Lara and music by Manuel M. Bermejo) was declared the official anthem of the university by Director Nabor Carrillo (1953-1961) The Anthem is meant to be sung by a choir of professors and students.
El Canto a la Universidad, written by Romeo
The origins of the Goya cheer are a little bizarre. In the early 1940s, a very skinny boy, Luis Rodriguez, was attending Preparatory School, who through time became the most enthusiastic cheerleader. He was nicknamed “Palillo” (stick).
The movie theaters close to the Preparatory school were: Rio, Venus and Goya. When some students wanted to go to the movies, they shouted out Goya! That is the story behind the university cheer, which now all university members echo.
The National Autonomous University of Mexico restored the use of the toga as a university academic investiture, representing the different honors and degrees given by the institution. Wearing the gown is required by rule during certain celebrations of the University.
Those with the right to wear a university toga are the Board of Governors members, the Rector, the Secretary General, the Attorney General, the University Board of Trustees members, deans of the undergraduate and postgraduate schools and institutes, the technical boards of the colleges and schools, coordinators for research on science and humanities affairs, the professors and researchers emeritus, the winners of the National University Award, the postgraduate students and PhDs, the tenured professors of schools -postgraduate and undergraduate–, and individuals attached to some research institutes, as long as they hold at least a high school degree.
The toga includes a cape, a hood and a mortarboard.
The anthem was created in 1940 by a group of alumni integrated by Ernesto “Agapito” Navas, Luis Pérez Rubio, Alfonso De Garay, Gloria Vicens, Angel Vidal, Fernando Guadarrama and Ismael “Tío” Valdez, who composed its music and lyrics. The anthem was first sung at the National Preparatory School before the match. Since then Pumas sing together before every match:
It is the university sport’s logo, and an example of a simple and functional solution to a difficult problem of graphic representation. The PUMA summarizes in one expression two contradictory elements, the letter U, in a geometric abstract shape, along with the puma face, a figurative form, although stylized. Manuel Andrade Rodriguez, alias “El Pajarito Andrade” was the creator of this design.
This UNAM sport symbol became an icon, easy to remember for the student population, and easily to reproduce. The PUMA design has two changing elements, the blue and gold colors, which represent university sports, and the puma itself, designed to be stylized and thus integrated in one synthesis where UNAM is represented as well.
UNAM’s Organic Law is the maximum legal system that regulates its personality, its structure and its internal life. In the first article of that rule it states that “The National Autonomous University of Mexico is a public corporation, a decentralized agency of the State, with full legal capacity and whose purposes are to provide higher education in order to train professionals, researchers, academics and technicians useful to society; organize and conduct research, mainly about the national conditions and problems, and extend as widely as possible the benefits of culture.”
Enrique Graue Wiechers, M.D.
Leonardo Lomelí Vanegas, PhD.
Leopoldo Silva Gutiérrez, Ch.E.
SECRETARY OF ADMINISTRATION
Alberto Ken Oyama Nakagawa, PhD.
SECRETARY OF INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
César Iván Astudillo Reyes, PhD.
SECRETARY OF COMMUNITY SERVICES
Mónica González Contró, PhD.
Néstor Martínez Cristo, MSc.
GENERAL DIRECTOR OF SOCIAL COMMUNICATION